The Israeli Holocaust Remembrance Day, also known as Yom HaZikaron laShoah ve-laG'vurah or Yom HaShoa in Israel, is observed as Israel's day of commemoration for about six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust. It also commemorates the Jewish resistance in the World War II.
The day starts at sundown with the main ceremony being held at Warsaw Ghetto plaza in Yad Vashem in Jerusalem. On the day itself, ceremonies across the country take place and places of public entertainment are closed by law.
At 10:00 local time, sirens are sounded for two minutes, when Israelis pay a silent tribute to the fallen Jews in the Holocaust.
The day was inaugurated in 1953 and since has been the single day of Holocaust memorial in Israel. It is a national memorial day and public holiday in Israel.
The Holocaust is the name that was given to the genocide of mostly European Jews in World Word II, as part of the Nazi anti-Semite ideology that was used by the German government of the time. Many other groups like Gypsies, homosexuals and different ethnic groups were also systematically targeted by Nazi Germany.