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Demidov Prize is a national scientific prize awarded annually to the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It was established in 1832 by the Russian industrialist Pavel Demidov, who ran mining and smelting operations in what is now Sverdlovsk Region.
It has been one of the most prestigious and oldest scientific awards in the world, while its traditions influenced other awards of this kind including the Nobel Prize.
The prize stopped being awarded between 1917 and 1993.