Former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré
Senegal hosts the trial of former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré, who is accused of committing crimes against humanity in the 1980s. The trial, which got a green light from Senegal's parliament in December 2012, is to take place in a special tribunal authorized under the African Union. Following eight years of rule, Habré fled to Senegal in 1990 leaving behind a country strewn with mass graves. Faced with Senegal's inaction, the victims of the dictator's crimes turned to Belgium in 2001 requesting a trial for his crimes. Four years later, an international arrest warrant was issued, charging Habré with crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture.
Habré's trial is considered a major step toward Africa dealing with its own war criminals.