Hanukkah, otherwise known as the Festival of Lights, is celebrated by Jewish people as they commemorate a time over 2500 years ago, when a small group of Jews called the Maccabees successfully revolted against an order by the Syrian king, Antiochus to make the Jewish people worship the Greek gods.
A statue of Antiochus was built in the Jewish temple and the Jews were ordered to prostrate towards it. The Ten Commandments prohibit the worship of idols and statues, leading them to rebel against the king.
When the Jews repaired the temple and dedicated it to God, they lit a small lamp with one jar of oil which should have kept the flame for one day, but the lamp miraculously remained alight for eight days.
On Hannukah, Jews light a single candle on the Hanukiah, an eight-stemmed candelabrum on each of the eight day long celebration.